What if you are living your life like a normal person but one day out of a blue you woke up with a break of your memory, nothing to be remembered?? It’s so dramatic, right?? Well, it’s acceptable to have memory loss but it’s not digestible that there is actually a disorder that can utterly change a person along with their emotions, behaviors, perception, and sense of self.
What is dissociative identity disorder (DID)??
It’s basically an illness or a disease caused by mental illness and childhood trauma. It was previously known as Multiple personality disorder (MPD). DID is thought to be a complex psychological condition where people lose their once self and considered themselves as a different person. It was first discovered in 1584 where women possessed with different personalities along with different names and identity, according to the case she got physically abuse to get these personalities and the symptoms which were shown are the same as the dissociative identity disorder now.
The dissociative disorder is a process which produces a lack of connection with a person’s thought, emotions, memories, feelings, actions, and sense of identity. The research shows that it starts when a person shuts off or dissociate themselves from a situation or from an experience which is way too violent, traumatic or painful to get to the bottom with their conscious selves.
According to mental health experts, “Dr. Charles a psychiatrist from Emory University Medical School states that psychiatrist diagnosis controversy in general public regarding different disorders which are noncontroversial in the mental health world. Many biological psychiatrists who base their practice around medication management say that this condition doesn’t exist and if it does then it “iatrogenic” meaning that is caused by therapists training their patients to interpret their symptoms as they have a whole set of distinct personalities. On the other hand, the clinicians who specialize in the condition take the presence of dissociative identity disorder very seriously that they will separate therapeutic meetings with each of the patients alters i.e. individual personalities. There is no doubt that some people behave as if they have multiple personalities. And not all of them have been to therapists who have trained them to interpret their dissociative experiences in this way. Does this mean that dissociative identity disorder exists? In my opinion, it depends on what we mean by “exists.” Yes, dissociative identity disorder exists if by exists we mean there are people who complain of its symptoms and suffer its consequences. Do I think that some people have many biologically distinct entities packed into their heads? No. I think that some people dissociate so badly that either on their own or as a result of therapeutic experiences it becomes the case that the most convincing way for them to see their own experience is as if it is happening to multiple people”.
Dissociative disorder types
They are of three types.
- Dissociative identity disorder
- Dissociative amnesia
- Depersonalization/derealization disorder
How common it is??
According to research, there are up to 75% of people who experience at least one episode of depersonalization in their lives and 2% of people meet their full episode of chronic criteria.
An instance of true dissociative disorders is very rare but when they occur their target is likely to be women rather than men.
- Memory loss of specific time, event and people
- To experience out of the body i.e. a feeling as though you are watching a movie in different laps
- Having problem with health like depression, anxiety
- Lack of sense identity
- Having thoughts of suicide
- De-attachment from emotions, thoughts, feelings and body