Ginkgo is a tree herb which is used to treat many diseases in ancient times. But in the hectic life of the 21st century the medicine took over the herbs place, due to the changes of the nature of world people started to move back to the herbs which used to be used in the ancient era. Ginkgo is one of the top selling supplements.


Older people use ginkgo biloba as a sickness treatment like:

  • Cerebral vascular insufficiency
  • Cognitive disorders
  • Dementia
  • Altitude sickness
  • Vertigo
  • Intermittent claudication
  • Macular degeneration
  • Memory loss
  • PS (Premenstrual Syndrome)
  • SSRI (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor)
  • Vasodilator
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Anxiety
  • Asthma
  • Bronchitis
  • Depression
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Fatigue
  • Glaucoma
  • High blood pressure
  • Insulin resistance
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Sexual dysfunction in women
  • Tinnitus

There are some studies that shows it is beneficial in cerebral blood flow in the patients 50 years and older. It’s also used in peripheral blood flow in diabetes and hearing loss. Some studies done for selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)-induced erectile dysfunction where the initial results were noted positive. Ginkgo is said to be preserve memory as well as promote recovery from stroke.

Studies have been done on ginkgo biloba and scientist support only the following diseases which can be recovered or ginkgo could be used in these diseases.

Eye Health

According to the Glaucoma research report 2013 states, ginkgo extracts may help slow down the progression of glaucoma related damage to the visual field.

In other Cochrane Database of Systematic Review 2013 found some evidence that ginkgo might be helpful treatment for age-related macular degeneration.

Blood Pressure

According to published research report in Phytomedicine 2014 states, it may help to reduce blood pressure and did not appear to have sufficient effects on blood pressure.

Brain Health

According to JAMMA 2015 research journal there is an extract in ginkgo biloba which is known as EGb761 which clinically effect to treat Alzheimer’s disease and helpful in cognitive impairment and dementia.

Side Effects

While having some benefits ginkgo also have some side effects which have been shown in adults in a relatively low manner, whereas there are some cases in which ginkgo biloba causes serious harm. So before changing your daily health routine consult with your doctor for save usage. 

If you take some sort of medication and allergic to alkyl phenol then avoid ginkgo biloba. 

Some of the possible side effects of ginkgo are:

  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Dizziness
  • Headaches
  • Stomach pain
  • Rash/allergic reaction 
  • Digestive problems 
  • Muscle weakness
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Palpitations
  • Restlessness
  • Seizures
  • Subdural hematoma

However ginkgo effect blood clotting so it shouldn’t be used by people with bleeding disorders or those who are taking some sort of medication or other supplements that might affect blood clotting such as warfarin, aspirin, garlic and vitamin E. 

There has been a case report which shows spontaneous bleeding from Iris when used with aspirin. Therefore, having ginkgo biloba first consult your physician for proper use.


The seeds and fruit pulp of the ginkgo biloba are toxic. So avoid having these substances. It may modulate some CYP 450 enzymes but clinical significance is unknown, monitor when using concomitant substrates (e.g., CYP3A4).